Some outright rants from a bunch of infosec practitioners.


As we promised some days ago here’s the third round of Troopers15 speakers (first one here, second here). It’s going to be awesome!


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As we promised some days ago when we published the first round, here we go with the second:


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We’re delighted to provide the first announcement of talks of next year’s Troopers edition. Looks like it’s going to be a great event again ;-).
Here we go:


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This is a guest post from Antonios Atlasis.

Last week I had the pleasure to give you my impressions regarding my experience about hacking for b33r at Ghent, that is, my participation at BruCON 2014 hacking conference. As I said among else, the reason that I was there was to present Chiron, my IPv6 penetration testing/security assessment framework, which was supported by the Brucon 5×5 program. The first version of Chiron had been presented at Troopers 14, during the IPv6 Security Summit.


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This is a guest post from Vladimir Wolstencroft from our friends of aura information security

Mobile messaging applications have been occupying people’s attention and it seems to be all the latest news. Perhaps I should have called my presentation the 19 Billion dollar app but at the time of writing and research I thought the proposed 3 Billion dollar amount for SnapChat was a little ludicrous, who could have known that would have been just a drop in the ocean.

Upon starting, I decided to compare two mobile messaging applications that shared a relatively unique capability, self-destructing messaging. However the applications execute this in two very different ways. Looking at SnapChat with it’s millions of users and supposedly secure ephemeral messaging seemed like a good start. I also wanted something a little more secure, we have all heard and seen “snaps” leaked and displayed online so I had inkling that there might have been some serious holes within the application.


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This is a guest post from Antonios Atlasis



my name is Antonios and I am an independent IT Security Researcher from Greece. One of my latest “hobbies” is IPv6 and its potential insecurities so, please let me talk to you about my latest experience on this.

This week, I had the opportunity to work together with the ERNW guys at their premises. They had built an IPv6 lab that included several commercial IPv6 security devices (firewalls, IDS/IPS and some high-end switches) and they kindly offered their lab to me to play with (thank you guys :) – I always liked …expensive toys). The goal of this co-operation was two-fold: First, to test my new (not yet released) IPv6 pen-testing tool and secondly, to try to find out any IPv6-related security or operational issues on these devices (after all, they all claim that they are “IPv6-Ready”, right?).


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This is a guest post from Jose Miguel Esparza (@EternalTodo)


There are already some good blog posts talking about this exploit, but I think this is a really good example to show how peepdf works and what you can learn if you attend the workshop “Squeezing Exploit Kits and PDF Exploits” at Troopers14.  The mentioned exploit was using the Adobe Reader ToolButton Use-After-Free vulnerability to execute code in the victim’s machine and then the Windows privilege escalation 0day to bypass the Adobe sandbox and execute a new payload without restrictions.


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Given we’ve received a number of inquiries as for the agenda of this year’s TelcoSecDay here’s a first preliminary agenda. To get an idea of the event’s character you might have a look at the agenda of the 2012 edition or the 2013 edition. Pls note that there might be changes/additions to the following outline as we’re currently discussing potential contributions with two European operators. Here we go, for today:

9:00: Opening Remarks & Introduction
9:15: Ravi Borgaonkor – Evolution of SIM Card Security
10:15: Break
10:45: Adrian Dabrowski
11:45: Collin Mulliner – PatchDroid – Third Party Security Patches for Android
12:30: Lunch
13:45: Philippe Langlois
14:45: Break
15:15: Haya Shulman – The Illusion of Challenge-Response Authentication
16:00: Christian Sielaff & Daniel Hauenstein – Breaking Network Monitoring Tools Used in Telco Space
16:30: Closing Remarks
19:00: Joint dinner (hosted by ERNW) in Heidelberg Altstadt for those interested and/or staying for the main conference


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More Troopers Talks Selected

Today we have to pleasure to announce another round of Troopers talks.
Here we go:

Noam Liram: Vulnerability Classification in the SaaS Era      FIRST TIME MATERIAL

Abstract: In this talk we will thoroughly analyze two major SaaS vulnerabilities that were found by Adallom (one of which is still in responsible disclosure stages at the time of writing). By demonstrating this new class of exploits which we have nick-named “Ice Dagger” attacks, we aim to change the current industry-wide criteria for vulnerability classifications, which were developed in the Desktop/Server world, are inadequate when classifying SaaS vulnerabilities. We will specifically discuss the details of MS13-104.

Bio: Noam Liran is the Chief Software Architect of Adallom, a SaaS application security provider. Noam is an alumnus of Israel Defense Force’s Unit 8200 and was a team leader in its cyber division.

Vladimir Katalov: Modern Smartphone Forensics – Apple iOS: from logical and physical acquisition to iCloud backups, document storage and keychain; Encrypted BlackBerry Backups (BB 10 and Olympia Service)

Apple iCloud Backups: there are various methods to perform data acquisition from iOS devices: logical, advanced logical (using hidden services running in iOS) and physical. iCloud analysis is the further step. The iCloud may contain complete device backups (for all devices connected to Apple ID), geolocation data (Find My Phone data), documents, and additional data saved by 3rd party applications. We show how (and where) this data is actually stored, how to request and decrypt it, and how to analyse it. Some information on iCloud keychain is also provided — and yes, sometime there is a way to get all your passwords (including ones from the other devices) and credit card data. And yes, most data is available to Apple itself, as well as to Amazon and Microsoft, so probably to three-letter agencies as well.
BlackBerry: For BB 10 devices, backups created with BlackBerry Link are always encrypted, but the encryption is not user-configurable, and there is no way to view the backup contents or even restore from thgs backup to the other device. We have found that encryption keys is being generated by BlackBerry ‘Olympia Service’, based on BlackBerry ID, password, and device PIN. ID and PIN is something we can get from the backup itself, and if we know the password as well, we can generate the series of requests to Olympia service to obtain the key and decrypt the backup. Backlup contains all applications (purchased from AppWorld), their data (such as WhatsApp conversations), device settings, call logs, passwords etc — most in the plain form or SQLite databases.

Bio: Vladimir Katalov is CEO, co-founder and co-owner of ElcomSoft Co.Ltd. Born in 1969 in Moscow, Russia; studied Applied Mathematics at National Research Nuclear University. Vladimir works at ElcomSoft up until now from the very beginning (1990). Now he is driving all the R&D processes inside the company.

Sergey Bratus, Javier Vazquez & Ryan Speers: Making (and Breaking) an 802.15.4 WIDS

Abstract: Real-world security-critical systems including energy metering and physical security monitoring are starting to rely on 802.15.4/ZigBee digital radio networks. These networks can be attacked at the physical layer (reflexive jamming or via Packet-in-packet attacks), the MAC layer (dissociation storms), or at the application layers. Proprietary WIDS for 802.15.4 exist, but don’t provide much transparency into how their 802.15.4 stacks work and how they may be tested for evasion.
As the classic Ptacek & Newsham 1998 paper explained, tricks used to evade a NIDS tell us more about how a protocol stack is implemented than any specifications or even the RFCs. For WIDS, evasion can go even deeper: while classic evasion tricks are based on IP and TCP packet-crafting, evading 802.15.4 can be done starting at the PHY layer! We will explain the PHY tricks that will make one chip radio see the packets while the other would entirely miss them regardless of range; such tricks serve for both WIDS testing and fingerprinting.
We will release an open, extensible WIDS construction and testing kit for 802.15.4, based on our open-source ApiMote hardware. ApiMote uses the CC2420 digital radio chip to give you access to 802.15.4 packets at the nybble level. It can be easily adopted for detecting attacks at any protocol level. It also lets you test your ZigBee WIDS and devices from the frame level up. We will give out some of the ApiMotes.

Sergey Bratus is a Research Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Dartmouth College. He sees state-of-the-art hacking as a distinct research and engineering discipline that, although not yet recognized as such, harbors deep insights into the nature of computing. He has a Ph.D. in Mathematics from Northeastern University and worked at BBN Technologies on natural language processing research before coming to Dartmouth.
Javier Vazquez is a researcher at River Loop Security specializing in wireless systems, PCB design, and hardware reverse engineering. Javier graduated from the University of Central Florida with a degree in Electrical Engineering and a focus on RF Engineering. Other interests include networking and software development.
Ryan Speers is a co-founder and security researcher at River Loop Security and has extensive experience in IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee analysis and software and hardware security analysis. He maintains the KillerBee 802.15.4 assessment framework has previously spoken at ShmooCon and ToorCon Seattle, and has published at USENIX WOOT, IEEE/HICSS, and the Workshop on Embedded Systems Security. He enjoys breaking things, although not when volunteering as an EMT or when rock-climbing. He graduated from Dartmouth College with a degree in Computer Science.

Martijn Jansen: How to Work towards Pharma Compliance for Cloud Computing – What Do FDA and Similar Regulations Mean for Your (Cloud) IT Delivery Organisation?      FIRST TIME MATERIAL

Abstract: Today, for life-sciences or consumer goods manufacturers/food/drug companies’ regulatory compliance is quite a heavy burden to their day-day operation. This applies in particular when business operations or sales are (also) in the US so that a company becomes a regulated entity under the very stringent FDA regime.
The presentation is about the translation of Pharmaceutical regulations (what regulations?) that could be applied to any cloud-related IT service into a quality management strategy and hands-on IT controls that could work for each one of us.
Think of how to bring compliance into the lifecycle of requirements, design, install and configuration plans etc. Furthermore we’ll discuss different types of controls in service creation or delivery, be them administrative, technical, procedural controls. Discussed are usable quality assurance controls for People, Process and Technology, projected onto services (components). These controls might be there already to re-use (but not auditable) or might need to be created.
As one of the first in the industry Martijn will show you, starting at the governance level (to leave no-one behind), examples from the trenches to categorize and map controls on how to utilise Telco and ISO experience best practices. Thus bringing Pharma compliance applicable to IT Cloud Computing down from the academic level to usable hands-on best practices! While compliance is highly theoretical Martijn and thus the material is heavily focussed on real-world usability.

Bio: Martijn has always been intrigued by electronics, transmission and any sort of security since he was a small kid. He built his first FM radio transmitter (after dis-assembling a few) very young, and always kept in touch with electronics and IT.
He is technically educated as construction engineer and -designer. After continued education he served as a diver team commander. Returning back to civilisation he worked in his initial field of expertise (CAD construction design), then turning to IT. Martijn has experience as IT trainer, engineer, architect and consultant in sales, design, implementation and operation of operating systems, networks and security. He auto-didactically studied for about 6 years in the evenings to acquire all the certificates and technologies that were relevant at the time. Till a short while ago, he owned his own 19 inch rack at home with routers, switches and virtualisation computing running.
As a principal consultant and architect Martijn took care of mostly bespoke and complex IT transformations for global pharma and manufacturing customers. He currently works as Security Controls Assurance manager for the Compliance department of a global telco. In this role he looks after compliance and security for the cloud computing proposition.

Matthias Luft & Felix Wilhelm: Compromise-as-a-Service: Our PleAZURE       FIRST TIME MATERIAL

Abstract: This could be a comprehensive introduction about the ubiquity of virtualization, the essential role of the hypervisor, and how the security posture of the overall environment depends on it. However, we decided otherwise, as this is what everybody is interested in: We will describe the Hyper-V architecture in detail, provide a taxonomy of hypervisor exploits, and demonstrate how we found MS13-092 which had the potential to compromise the whole Azure environment. Live demo included!

Matthias Luft is a senior security analyst at ERNW. He has extensive experience in penetration testing and security assessments of complex technical environments. He’s one of the first researchers who revealed major design flaws and vulnerabilities in the approach of Data Leakage Prevention. During the last years, he focused on the area of cloud security and presented both approaches for scalability and trust assessment of cloud service providers. He gives cloud security workshops on a regular base. Furthermore he was the project lead in a research study on a major cloud solution platform which ERNW performed resulting in the discovery of MS13-092. Matthias holds a Master’s degree in computer science from the University of Mannheim.
Felix Wilhelm is a senior security researcher at ERNW. He has extensive experience in performing penetration tests and security assessments of complex technical environments and he is specialized in kernel and virtualization security. Felix has discovered and published multiple critical security vulnerabilities in widely used software and participated in the first Microsoft Bluehat Prize contest to find defense techniques against modern software exploit techniques. Felix gives courses on topics like exploit analysis, reverse engineering and application security. He wrote the Linux kernel code exploiting the MS13-092 vulnerability. Felix holds a Bachelor degree in computer science from the RWTH Aachen University.

Juan Perez-Etchegoyen & Will Vandevanter: SAP BusinessObjects Attacks – Espionage and Poisoning of Business Intelligence Platforms

Abstract: Business executives make their strategic decisions and report on their performance based on the information provided by their Business Intelligence platforms. Therefore, how valuable could that information be for the company’s largest competitor? Even further, what if the consolidated, decision-making data has been compromised? What if an attacker has poisoned the system and changed the key indicators?
SAP BusinessObjects is used by thousands of companies world-wide and serves as the gold standard platform for Business Intelligence. In this presentation we will discuss our recent research on SAP BusinessObjects security.
Specifically, through several live demos, we will present techniques attackers may use to target and compromise an SAP BusinessObjects deployment and what you need to do in order to mitigate those risks.

Juan Perez-Etchegoyen is the CTO at Onapsis, leading the Research & Development teams that keep the company on the cutting-edge of the ERP security industry. As a renowned thought-leader in the SAP cyber security field, Juan is responsible for the architecture of the innovative software solutions Onapsis X1 and Onapsis IPS.
Being the founder of the Onapsis Research Labs, Juan is actively involved in the coordination and research of critical security vulnerabilities in ERP systems and business-critical applications, such as SAP and Oracle. He has discovered and helped SAP AG fix several critical vulnerabilities. Juan also held the first presentation on advanced threats affecting Oracle’s JD Edwards applications.
As a result of his innovative research work, Juan has been invited to lecture at several of the most renowned security conferences in the world, such as Black Hat, SANS, OWASP AppSec, HackInTheBox, NoSuchCon and Ekoparty. He also holds private trainings for SAP AG and Global Fortune-100 organizations and is frequently quoted and interviewed by leading publications, such as IDG, DarkReading and PC World.
Will Vandevanter is a Senior Security Researcher at Onapsis where he focuses on SAP and ERP security. He has discovered and helped SAP AG patch numerous critical vulnerabilities in SAP software and is a regular contributor to the Onapsis SAP Security In-Depth publication. Prior to Onapsis, Will was the Lead Penetration Tester at Rapid7. He has previously spoken at Defcon, OWASP AppSec, SOURCE Barcelona, and a number of other conferences. Will holds a Bachelors Degree in Mathematics and Computer Science from McGill University and Masters Degree in Computer Science with a focus in Secure Software Engineering from James Madison University.




Furthermore there’s some new workshops; just have a look at the agenda ;-)

Everybody have a great weekend,



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At first a very happy new year to all our readers!

Today we announce the third round of Troopers 2014 talks (first round here, second here).

Here we go:


Daniel Mende: Implementing an USB Host Driver Fuzzer         FIRST TIME MATERIAL

Abstract: The Universal Serial Bus (USB) can be found everywhere these days, may it be to connect a mouse or keyboard to the computer, transfer data on a flash drive connected via USB or to attach some additional hardware like a Digital Video Broadcast receiver. Some of these devices use a standardized device class which are served by an operating system default driver while other, special purpose devices, do not fit into any of those classes, so vendors ship their own drivers. As every vendor specific USB driver installed on a system adds additional attack surface, there needs to be some method to evaluate the stability and the security of those vendor proprietary drivers. The simplest way to perform a stability analysis of closed source products is the fuzzing approach. As there have been no publicly available tools for performing USB host driver fuzzing, I decided to develop one ;-), building on Sergey’s and Travis’ legendary Troopers13 talk. Be prepared to learn a lot about USB specifics, and to see quite a number of blue screens and stack traces on major server operating systems…

Bio: Daniel Mende is an ERNW security researcher specialized on network protocols and technologies. He s well known for his routing protocol attack tool LOKI, the DIZZY fuzzing framework and a bunch of testing tools from the 3GPP domain. He has presented on protocol security at many occasions including Troopers, Blackhat, CCC, HackInTheBox and ShmooCon. Usually he releases a new tool when giving a talk.



Martin Gallo: SAP’s Network Protocols Revisited         FIRST TIME MATERIAL

Abstract: What network protocols does my SAP system use? Are those services secure from a network perspective? Are old and well-known attacks still relevant? What’s the remote attack surface of my SAP environment? Do I really know my level of exposure? Are there tools available to assess the security of the services?

This talk is the result of my journey trying to answer these questions and understanding how the different SAP network protocols work, after spending some of my spare time during the last months working on expanding my knowledge about the network attack surface of SAP systems, reversing some of the protocols and implementing tools and libraries to work with them.

The talk will bring some details and realistic attack vectors regarding the different networks protocols available on both new and classic SAP installations. Some hardening and mitigation ideas will be discussed aimed at increasing the defenses against these threats and attacks.

Bio: Martin Gallo is Security Consultant at CORE Security, where he performs application and network penetration testing, conducts code reviews and identifies vulnerabilities in enterprise and third party software. His research interests include enterprise software security, vulnerability research and reverse engineering.

Previous talks:
Uncovering SAP vulnerabilities – Reversing and breaking the Diag protocol, BruCon 2012 / Defcon XX

Advisories published:

CORE-2012-1128 – SAP Netweaver Message Server Multiple Vulnerabilities
CORE-2012-0123 – SAP Netweaver Dispatcher Multiple Vulnerabilities

Tools released:
SAP Dissection plug-in for Wireshark

Articles published:



Stefan Schumacher: Psychology of Security

Abstract: IT Security is often considered to be a technical problem. However, IT Security is about decisions made by humans and should therefore be researched with psychological methods. Technical/Engineering methods are not able to solve security problems.

In this talk I will introduce the Institute’s research programme about the Psychology of Security. We are going to research the psychological basics of IT security, including: How do people experience IT security? How are they motivated? How do they learn? Why do people tend to make the same mistakes again and again (Buffer Overflow, anyone?)? What can we do to prevent security incidents? Which curricula should be taught about IT security?

Bio: Stefan Schumacher is the Head of the Magdeburger Institut fuer Sicherheitsforschung and Editor of the Magdeburger Journal zur Sicherheitsforschung. He studied Educational Science and Psychology and is currently managing the research project Psychology of Security.

His research interest focusses on Social Engineering, Security Awareness and Qualitative Research about the Perception of Security. He is also an Assistant Lecturer at the University Magdeburg.
He has been involved in the Hacker and Open Source Scene (NetBSD) for the last 20 years. He gave more than 140 public talks in the last 10 years at conferences like DeepSec Vienna, DeepIntel, Chaos Communication Congress, Chaos Communication Camp, Chemnitzer Linux-Tage, Datenspuren, LinuxDays Luxembourg, DGI Forum Wittenberg, GUUG FFG, ILA etc. and published several articles and a book on IT and Security Policy.

A full list of publications and talks can be downloaded at



Attila Marosi: Easy Ways To Bypass Anti-Virus Systems

bstract: All IT security professionals know that antivirus systems can be avoided. But few of them knows that it is very easy to do. (If it is easy to do, its impact is huge!) In this presentation I will, on the spot, fully bypass several antivirus systems using basic techniques! I will bypass: signatures detection, emulation/virtualization, sandboxing, firewalls. How much time (development) is needed for it, for this result? Not more than 15 hours without a cent of investment! If I could do this, anyone can do this… so I think we have to focus to this problem.
Using these easy techniques I can create a ‘dropper’ that can deliver any kind of Metasploit (or anything else) shellcode and bypass several well-known antivirus in real-life and full bypass the detection with a detection rate in 0.
In my presentation I use 6 virtual machines and 9 real-time demos. Resulting the audience always have a big fun and surprise when they see the most well-know systems to fail – and the challenges what the AVs cannot solved are ridiculously simple and old. So the IT professionals might think too much about the systems which they rely on and which cost so much.

Bypassed AntiVirus Systems:
F-Secure, AVG, NOD32 6 and 7, !avast, Kaspersky, Trend Micro, McAfee…

Educational value of the topic:
– We look at how the virus writers develop their codes.
– We will develop a puzzle which may distract the AV virtualization engine to avoid the detection.
– We will develop a code to encrypt/decypt our malicious shellcode.
– We will look at which built-in Windows functions helps the attacker to inject malicious code to a viction process and we try it. (We will use the iexplorer.exe to bypass the firewall.)
– We will look at what solutions are often used to avoid the sandbox.
– Learn the difference between the metamorphous and polymorphous code. I wrote a python script which can create a metamorphous version from a byte code. We will test it in realtime and it will a real challenge for the AVs.

Bio: Attila Marosi has always been working in information security field since he started working. As a lieutenant of active duty he worked for years on special information security tasks occuring within the SSNS. Newly he was transferred to the just established GovCERT-Hungary, wich is an additional national level in the internationally known system of CERT offices. He has several international certificates such as CEH, ECSA, OSCP, OSCE. During his free time he also read lections and does some teaching on different levels; on the top of them for white hat hackers. He has presented at many security conferences including Hacker Halted, DeepSEC and Ethical Hacking.



Job de Haas: 20 Ways past Secure Boot

Abstract: This talk presents an overview of all things that can go wrong when developers attempt to implement a chain of trust also called ‘secure boot’. This talk is not so much focused at things like UEFI and Microsoft lockdown, but more at the general application in pay-tv, gaming and mobile devices. On both sides of the fence secure boot is a vital mechanism to understand.
Starting out from design mistakes, we look at crypto problems, logical and debug problems and move towards side channel problems such as timing attacks and glitching. All problems will be illustrated with either public examples or the presenters experiences. To illustrate the practicality, an electromagnetic glitch attack will be demonstrated.


Job de Haas holds an M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering and has a track record in the security industry of more than 15 years. He has experience evaluating the security of a wide range of embedded platforms, such as IPTV decoders, satellite receivers, mobile phones, smart meters and a variety of modems (ADSL, Wireless). Further, he is a specialist in the reverse engineering of applications and consumer electronics.
At Riscure, Job is the senior specialist in charge of security testing of embedded devices for high-security environments. Amongst others, he assessed the protection of pay television systems against side channel and card-sharing attacks for conditional access providers. Job has participated in the creation of several certification schemes for customers of embedded products. Job has a long speaking history at international conferences, including talks on security of mobile technologies, reverse engineering of firmware and side channel attacks on embedded systems.


Furthermore there’s a new workshop of Jose Miguel Esparza (@EternalTodo) on “Squeezing Exploit Kits and PDF Exploits”. Detailed agenda here.

Stay tuned & have a great weekend everybody



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